CategoriesATM

SAGITARIO at the vanguard of Brazilian airspace control

O controle do espaço aéreo em todo o mundo requer alta precisão e uso de tecnologia. Afinal, é importante garantir que todas as aeronaves que voam simultaneamente possam cruzar o céu com segurança.

De acordo com informações do Departamento Brasileiro de Controle do Espaço Aéreo (DECEA), em 2018, o Aeroporto Internacional de Guarulhos, em São Paulo, registrou em média 800 decolagens e pousos por dia, entre aeronaves comerciais e militares de diferentes tamanhos. Nesse mesmo ano, mais de 42 milhões de passageiros viajaram pelo aeroporto, superando a marca alcançada em 2014, durante a Copa do Mundo realizada no Brasil (então, Guarulhos contava com 39,5 milhões de pessoas embarcando ou deplaneando por seus portões (fonte: agenciabrasil.ebc. com.br).

Todo o espaço aéreo brasileiro – que abrange 22 milhões de quilômetros quadrados, incluindo uma extensa área sobre o oceano – é controlado e monitorado pelos sistemas de controle de tráfego aéreo e defesa aérea desenvolvidos pela Atech.

Uma dessas soluções é chamada SAGITARIO, um sistema que a empresa desenvolveu em parceria com a DECEA para gerenciar todas as aeronaves no ar. É importante destacar que o SAGITARIO foi criado com esforços conjuntos de profissionais que trabalham na linha de frente do controle de tráfego aéreo: os controladores de tráfego aéreo. Isso produziu um conjunto de recursos operacionais para apoiar a tomada de decisões, conforme recomendado pelas agências reguladoras da aviação civil internacional, como a ICAO (Organização Internacional da Aviação Civil) e o EUROCONTROL (Organização Europeia para a Segurança da Navegação Aérea).

O sistema é acionado desde os momentos anteriores à decolagem até a aeronave estacionar no aeroporto de destino. Além disso, permite que os controladores de tráfego aéreo concentrem suas ações inteiramente em suas tarefas, o que aumenta significativamente sua percepção da situação.

Embora o nome da solução se refira à astronomia, o SAGITARIO (“SAGITÁRIO”, em inglês) é baseado em tecnologia. A nomenclatura deriva da sigla para “Sistema Avançado de Gerenciamento de Informações de Tráfego Aéreo e Relatório de Interesse Operacional” (“Sistema Avançado de Gerenciamento de Informações de Tráfego Aéreo e Relatório de Interesse Operacional”). Seu desenvolvimento visa garantir a segurança de vôo: o SAGITARIO é capaz de processar dados de várias fontes de detecção de aeronaves, como radares e satélites, e os consolida em uma única apresentação visual para o controlador de tráfego aéreo.

O sistema monitora aviões e helicópteros enquanto eles estão no ar. Radares e satélites, entre outros sensores, detectam a posição da aeronave e enviam as informações aos centros de controle de tráfego aéreo. O SAGITARIO reúne esses dados da situação aérea e os fornece aos controladores de tráfego aéreo (ATCO), que, então, se comunicam com os pilotos via link de rádio e entregam as informações aos centros de controle vizinhos que cobrem a rota.

Na prática, as ações do SAGITARIO não apenas possibilitam atender uma maior demanda de tráfego aéreo, mas também reduzem o tempo de voo e aumentam a pontualidade – consequentemente, beneficiando as companhias aéreas, com menores custos operacionais; além disso, menos emissões de gases contribuem positivamente para o meio ambiente. Os recursos avançados do sistema também favorecem a interação: eles reduzem os comandos do teclado e a fadiga do ATCO, permitindo que os controladores de tráfego aéreo melhorem sua atenção. Além disso, a capacidade do sistema de sobrepor imagens meteorológicas no controlador de tráfego aéreo exibe uma percepção situacional mais aguçada e monitora a evolução das condições meteorológicas de risco. Os planos de vôo também podem ser editados graficamente no mapa, permitindo inserções, remoções, reposicionamentos, entre outras ferramentas gráficas disponíveis para o controlador de tráfego aéreo.

Outra característica notável é o CPDLC (Controller Pilot Data Link Communications), que permite a comunicação entre o controle de solo e a aeronave através de mensagens de texto enviadas via link de dados; combinado com a tecnologia ADS-C (Automatic Dependent Surveillance – Contract), onde o equipamento de bordo transmite ao centro informações sobre a posição da aeronave, seu nível de voo e o clima atual. Assim, o sistema permite maior agilidade no controle e minimiza interpretações errôneas, geralmente causadas por barreiras linguísticas entre controladores de tráfego aéreo e pilotos.

OPERAÇÕES MAIS SEGURAS E MAIS EFICIENTES

Embora muitas vezes as pessoas pensem que o controle é sempre controlado pela torre, que é um dos ícones mais visíveis em um aeroporto, o SAGITARIO é instalado nos ACCs (acrônimo de Area Control Center) e APPs (Approach Control Center) – geralmente fora do aeroporto . Lá, todos os voos são gerenciados.

Um controlador de tráfego aéreo opera o sistema SAGITARIO no APP-Rio de Janeiro (Foto: Fábio Maciel) http://www.defesanet.com.br/

Detalhamento: as APPs controlam as aeronaves durante pousos e decolagens e são instaladas em várias cidades brasileiras, geralmente próximas ao aeroporto principal da cidade. Os ACCs monitoram voos nivelados na rota e estão localizados em quatro locais do país, cobrindo todo o território nacional. Esses sites são gerenciados pelo CINDACTA (Centro Integrado de Defesa Aérea e Controle de Tráfego Aéreo) I, II, III e IV, entidades responsáveis ​​pela gestão do tráfego aéreo e pela defesa aérea.

Esse tipo de vigilância é essencial para o Brasil e, quando existem aeronaves não reconhecidas pelos controladores de tráfego aéreo que voam no céu, o Centro de Operações Militares do CINDACTA está envolvido. A equipe de defesa tenta entrar em contato com o piloto e, se não houver resposta, toma as medidas necessárias para garantir a segurança aérea do país.

Fonte: https://journalofwonder.embraer.com/br/pt/102-quem-esta-voando-no-ceu-agora-o-sagitario-responde

[Tradução dos termos na imagem acima: ACC e CINDACTA; Aeronaves niveladas e em rota; APLICATIVO; Após a decolagem e durante os procedimentos de pouso; Torre de controle; tributação e estacionamento]

O SAGITARIO instalado nos quatro CINDACTA fornece vigilância para todo o território brasileiro. Esses CINDACTAs, com seus respectivos ACCs, cobrem as regiões de Brasília, Curitiba, Recife, Manaus e uma parte do Oceano Atlântico sob jurisdição brasileira. Além disso, o SAGITARIO está instalado em 18 APPs em todo o país: São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Belo Horizonte, Brasília, Manaus, Belém, Fortaleza, Natal, Recife, Salvador, Salvador, Vitória, Curitiba, Macaé, Pirassununga, Campo Grande, Porto Alegre , Porto Velho e Cuiabá.

Centro de controle de área instalado no CINDACTA III, em Recife. Fonte: https://aeromagazine.uol.com.br/artigo/brasil-controla-maior-parte-do-trafego-aereo-no-atlantico-sul_4560.html

Durante a Copa do Mundo da FIFA 2014 e os Jogos Olímpicos Rio 2016, o SAGITARIO foi considerado um dos maiores aliados das autoridades brasileiras, porque o sistema possibilitou o transporte aéreo com sucesso nos dois eventos, mantendo os níveis de segurança e eficiência operacionais, mesmo com o aumento significativo no número de aeronaves que cruzam o espaço aéreo brasileiro.

Em resumo, o SAGITARIO marca a evolução do controle aéreo no Brasil, aprimorando as comunicações, a navegação e a vigilância para comando e controle do espaço aéreo do país. O SAGITARIO fornece aos controladores um dos mais avançados sistemas de controle e gerenciamento de tráfego aéreo do mundo – e coloca o Brasil entre uma lista seleta de nações à frente em termos de domínio tecnológico para desenvolver e manter, de forma soberana, um sistema desse tamanho e significado estratégico.

Cinco passos para implementar um programa de manutenção preventiva eficaz
CategoriesAsset Management

Five steps to implement an efficient preventive maintenance program

What are the main objectives when implementing a preventive maintenance program? In general, it is finding ways of maximizing equipment’ shelf life, assuring their availability and reliability, preventing downtime, at the same time that keeps the maintenance costs under control. However, between the general concept and the implementation of the program, there is a big distance. Know what are the main steps to count on a preventive maintenance program that keeps the asset condition as close as possible to the original.

1 – Assess the condition of all your assets

In first place, it is necessary to know the asset and its criticality, assessing its actual condition, the effort to which it is submitted and the history, to set the probable time when the failure will happen. Of course, it is not possible to establish an exact date when an equipment will fail, but analyzing its performance you can reduce this probability previously programing the maintenance.

The survey of the real condition of the asset must identify and record:

  • Number of failures, number of small stops, work accidents rate, downtime cost
  • Equipment’s performance
  • Setting the failures level – progressive reduction of failures
  • Setting maintenance goals

2 – Start the elaboration of a preventive maintenance program

This plan will assure the continuous quality of all the services, preventing failures and improving the production cycle, analyzing the consequences of a failure, such as detecting this failure and with which antecedence this failure can be detected.

All the preventive maintenance program operations must meet 3 requirements – applicability, efficiency and profitability. An operation is applicable if it can be implemented, it is efficient if it reduces the failures index and it is profitable if it improves the production.

The maintenance periodicity must initially follow the manufacturer’s instructions, but adverse environmental conditions of use may interfere with the schedule.

The maintenance actions are divided in two types.

One is based on time, that foresees replacing or restoring, in previously established intervals, pieces and components presenting more chance of failure according to their time of use. Once the time limit was reached, these conditions are executed apart from the status of the part at the date of the replacement. However, the actions based on time will only be efficient when there is a relation between the age of the component or piece and its failure probability.

Another way of assessing the need of maintenance actions is the one based on the condition, which takes in to account the periodical inspections results. The analysis of the history of these inspections allows to detect failures and anomalies signs in pieces and compounds from all the machines and equipment. The objective is monitoring the possible failures and act before they happen.

3 – Document all the actions

All the actions of the preventive maintenance program must be documented so that they are easily understood, using more drawings and schemes instead of text. Make it very clear how and why the inspection must be performed.

Besides the step by step of the maintenance actions, the document must contain the following information:

  • Services to be performed
  • Date when the services will be performed
  • People in charge of the services execution (name, position, function and contact)
  • Risks involved in the tasks
  • Necessary resources for the services execution (spare parts, tools, materials)
  • How much time will be spent in each service?
  • Cost of each service, cost per unit and total cost
  • Necessary machines, devices and tools

4 – Program services in an automatic and optimized way

Integrate all the assets data (operation, failures, maintenances already performed) in a solution for the planning and programming optimization of maintenance services. The system must simultaneously analyze the production needs, the maintenance priorities, the planning guidelines and the use restrictions. From this information, the system provides a series of suggestions to optimize the programming and the execution of the services, contributing to reach the excellence in productivity, operational efficiency and safety.

5 – Register all the actions

Reports must be elaborated after each step of the preventive maintenance program and the information entered in the automatized planning system. These reports serve to analyze mistakes and successes, register replaced spare parts, expenses with spare parts, lubricants etc., and the average runtime of tasks execution.

Atech offers, through OKTO platform, a set of solutions turned to the asset management area able to understand companies from different sectors with dynamic tools, able to operate in a global level. One of these resources is the Solution for Maintenance Planning and Programming, providing an updated resources system, as well as the execution management of the most critical activities. Know more on Atech’s solutions for Asset Management and know how we can help you to manage assets in an efficient and reliable way.

Fraude no sistema de Energia Elétrica: saiba como evitar
CategoriesSmart Connections

Fraud in the power system: how to prevent it

Aneel – Brazilian Electricity Regulatory Agency – considers as non-technical losses, among other factors, the measurement errors, deficiencies in the invoicing process, lack of measurer in consumers, frauds and power robbery. The fraud in the power system is an act committed by a consumer violating the measurement system to get a consumption register lower than his/her real use, as long as the robbery is practiced by someone who is not a costumer but he/she is illegally connected to the network to receive power.

Additionally, according to study of the regulatory agency, the region that presented the higher level of irregular consumption was the Northern region, with 20% of the power distributed, followed by the Southeastern region, with 10%, and Northeastern region, with 9%. At the Midwestern region, the percentage was 5%, and at the Southern, 3%.

The End of Irregular Connections

Many utilities have been used innovative technologies to prevent fraud in the power system. One of them is CPFL Energia that, with the smart meters deploy and the crossing of data analysis, reached a 90% hit level in problem identification. The new smart data crossing methodology was initially applied to Group A customers (big power consumers such as factories), later extended to Group B customers (residential customers). The initiative supported CPFL Energia to recover 372 GWh of power, enough to meet the annual feed of 146 thousand residential customers.

According to the utility, acting in the states of Sao Paulo, Rio Grande do Sul, Parana and Minas Gerais, the presence of smart meters is essential to this frauds combat program, since they make possible to access technical data on the consumption that, when analyzed and crossed with the customer’s profile, and combined to artificial intelligence platforms, show the problems existence or not. With this result, an inspection staff is assigned to make an investigation at the place, verifying if it’s a technical problem or if the power measurement has been acted of fraud.

Celpe – Pernambuco State Energetic Company – is also relying in a remote monitoring system to reduce the frauds incidence in the power system. In some cases, to find cases of robbery, drones fly over the areas with higher incidence of irregular installations.

In more “sophisticated” cases of fraud, such as the ones detected in industries and big retailers, the investigation is made through remote monitoring, with smart meters installed at the high of the power poles. The information on the power consumption of that customer are sent to a measure center where analysts cross the data and analyze the history of the place monitored.

Besides installing the smart meter at the pole, Celpe also delivers a display to the customer for monitor his/her own consumption.

In the state of Rio de Janeiro, Light utility, which attend 31 cities, has invested in the installation of electronic meters since 2010, and up to the first quarter of 2017, they have already installed 900 thousand devices. According to the concessionary, besides not increasing the value of the bill, the technology brings many benefits to the customer, as a faster service and safety to the communities.

First of all, a device broadcasts real time information such as interruptions and recovery of the supplying directly to Light Measurement Control Center – CCM, in the Portuguese acronym – speeding up the service. Next, the electronic meter is an important tool to prevent power robbery, once it is difficult to violate and able to automatically detect possible irregularities.

When there are many power robberies in a same place, the excessive use of electric power in a same cable, and even in the network transformer, can raise the risk of fire spreading all over the block.

Smart and Connected Meters

The smart meters can be formed by two components: the measurement device, connected between the utility branch and the customer’s power input, and a device at the customer’s, with a display that shows your consumption. For utilities, the smart meters allow to identify problems, reduce loss and prevent fraud. However, for the residential customer, the information on the consumption help to choose a better time for using certain household appliances and program the use of power out of the peak time when the fee is higher.

The measurement automation system offered by Atech, along with the smart meters, allows to monitor each customer’s consumption profile. At the irregularities terminal, the system allows creating rules for detecting a possible fraud in the power system, faster in the analysis and information management, allowing to follow the consumption and the demand minute by minute through reports and performance indexes.

ISO 55000: Como implementar a gestão de ativos na sua empresa
CategoriesAsset Management

ISO 55000: how to implement the asset management in your company

Launched in 2014, ISO 55000 series was considered a landmark in the history of asset management, setting a global standard that enables consistent and sustainable asset management over time, reducing costs with maintenance, downtime and increasing the operational effectiveness.

Besides ISO 55000, that presents the general concepts of asset management, two other standards – ISO 55001 e ISO 55002 – complete the series. The first one specifies the requirements to set, implement and maintain the asset management system of an organization, as long as the second one provides guidelines for the application of the system.

This set of standards will be the guidance for an efficient asset management, enabling the company to implement a systematic and coordinated process to manage in an optimized and sustainable way its assets, assets systems, performance, risks and life cycle.

The Asset Management System

The implementation of all elements of standard ISO 55000 follows a methodology and processes compounding the asset management system, providing an integrated structure establishing the critical connections among all the elements.

See the steps which are part of the implementation of an asset management system:

1 – Policy

It combines the publication of the asset management policy, statement that establishes the principles to be observed by the organization to align the management objectives with the business objectives.

2 – Objectives

The management objectives must be Specific, Measurable, Attainable, Realistic and Time-bound – the so called SMART objectives – assessing matters such as asset productivity; asset sustainability; compliance, life cycle and costs rationalization.

3 – Strategy

The strategy shows how the business objectives will be changed into asset management objectives, defining goals and deadlines that must be reached from the management activities.

4 – Documentation

All the assets management activities must be documented, including operational and maintenance plans, capital investment plans – revision, renovation, replacement and improvement – and resources. This document must be periodically revised to assure that all the objectives are aligned.

5 – Leadership

The Board of Directors must support and approve this asset management policy, setting its applicability and reach, deadline and responsibilities. This group must assign an employee to supervise the development, implementation, operation and continuous improvement of the asset management system, but the Board of Directors must keep being responsible by it.

6 – Planning

In this step, all the short and long-term risks and opportunities are assessed, and how the asset management is integrated to other business processes.

7 – Support

It identifies resources and people necessary to the operation, besides aiding on the commitment of all the collaborators and widening the communication and collaboration among different sectors of the company.

8 – Operation

It assesses the implementation, controls processes, monitors risks and supports the change management.

9 – Assessment

It identifies metrics to measure the financial performance of the asset management, performing audits.

10 – Improvement

It corrects the non-compliance and establishes continuous improvement practices.

Asset Management Benefits

The implementation of an asset management system based on ISO 55000 is a strategic decision to the company, balancing costs and risks and increasing the quality of the service and the operational cost. See some of the benefits that may be reached with the asset management implementation:

Improvement of the financial support: the improvement in the return of the investments and the costs reduction can be reached, preserving, at the same time, the value of the asset without sacrificing the short or long-term performance of the organizational objectives.

Best decisions of asset investment: it enables the organization to improve its decision making and efficiently balance the costs, risks, opportunities and performance

Management risk: reduction of financial losses, improving the mental health and the safety, goodwill and reputation, minimizing the environmental and social impacts, possibly resulting in reduced liabilities, such as insurance premiums, fines and penalties costs.

Services improvement and way out: assuring the assets performance can lead to services or products that consistently meet or surpass the clients’ and stakeholders’ expectations

Demonstration of social responsibility: improving the organization’s capacity for, as an example, reducing the emissions, preserving the resources and adapting to climate changes, allowing to demonstrate socially responsible business practices and ethical administration

To show the compliance: offering transparency in the compliance with the legal, statutory and regulatory requirements, as well as adhering to the standard asset management, policies and processes.

Better reputation: through the improvement of the customer’ and stakeholders’ satisfaction and increased reliance.

Improvement of the organizational sustainability: the efficient management of short and long-term effects, expenses and performance can improve the sustainability of the operations and the organization

Better efficiency and effectiveness: reviewing and improving processes, procedures and asset performance can improve the efficiency and effectiveness, as well as reaching the organizational objectives.

Atech, with decades of strategic and operational knowledge, developed a unique platform of Asset Management and Logistics – the set of solutions OKTO – that serves companies from many sectors. The Solution for the Strategic Asset Management Powered by Orion and API, developed in partnership with Compass, is part of OKTO, and it acts as a powerful consolidation and analysis tool, changing data into information to base the strategic decisions related to the asset management and aligned with ISO 55000 guidelines.

CategoriesLogistics

Know logistics 4.0 advances to create smart routes

To keep the financial sustainability in a highly competitive and challenging environment, the transportation and logistics companies need each time more to make bold strategic decisions. The concept logistics 4.0 based on technology, intelligence and data analysis will support this new scenario and optimize the goods transportation, with better routes planning.

The Brazilian logistic matrix is focused on the highway modal (62.70%, according to study performed in 2016 by Ipea – Institute of Applied Economic Survey) as long as the railway sector responds by 21.70% and waterway 11.70%. This concentration, along with factors such as precarious roads, cargo theft, among others, makes the Brazilian logistic cost to be high.

Information of Transportation and Logistics Plan from CNT – National Transport Confederation – show that in Brazil, in 2016, the logistic costs in highways represent 11.6% of the GDP – Gross Domestic Product. In comparison, in the United States, the percentage is 8.7%.

And for the companies, the estimation is that the expenses with logistics, considering costs with transportation, stocking and warehousing, represent 7.6% of your net revenue.

Logistics 4.0 and the New Possibilities

Logistics 4.0 is based on IoT, where trucks, equipment, sensors, cameras and many other “things” exchange real time information. Integrating all these data and transform them into intelligence will assure the business survival. The logistics digitalization reduces costs, improves the efficiency, makes the path flexible, among other possibilities, that generate more value to the business.

McKinsey consultancy performed a study on how the transportation and logistics companies can generate more value and increase their profitability, since the sector commonly presents a ROIC – Return Over Invested Capital – inferior to other sectors such as retail and utilities.

According to the analysts, the future of the logistics sector will be led by some mega trends, which are, among others:

  • Mega cities and transportation routes
  • Shared transportation
  • New markets
  • Higher operational efficiency

And what all these mega trends have in common? The technology and intelligence of logistics 4.0: sensors, safe and fast connections transporting the information, Big Data tools that change data into intelligence, asset and logistics solution, such as OKTO platform, that integrate the entire chain.

Connection, intelligence scripting and tracking systems will allow to analyze and cross in real time, for instance, meteorological information, possible traffic jams, traffic restraints, and automatically adjust the route of a truck, optimizing the path from point A to point B inside a mega city.

For the sharing, it is necessary to integrate industrial, administrative and logistic systems of all the partners involved in the transport. Besides, new business models based on the shared economy, as Uber, serve as a model for space sharing between carriers. And, for such, technology and connection are also necessary.

Opening new markets implies in collection and analysis of different information, with the use of managerial tools helping and speeding up the decision making.

However, operational efficiency, planning routes that join speed in transportation and less operation costs will only be possible with automation, mobility, real time monitoring, predictive analysis and smarter loading and unloading procedures.

How Logistics 4.0 Optimize Routes

Identifying smart routes is one of the optimization possibilities offered by logistics 4.0, improving the delivery service and customer service. With logistics process management and governance solutions, it is possible to analyze all the variables involving the cargo transportation, how the best route, conditions and routes circulation restrictions, customers’ restrictions regarding the receipt, roads conditions and even risks of cargo theft.

And what are the main advantages of defining the smarter route for the cargo transportation?

In first place, with the cargo monitoring, we can highlight the optimization of the collection and deliveries routes, planning the routes to meet the schedule, taking into account the delivery time, place and characteristics, with flexibility to follow possible changes identified by the real time cargo monitoring.

This monitoring also contributes to the safety, since it allows identifying in real time any route deviation that, in case not foreseen, may indicate that the vehicle was target of felons and the consequent calling of the police.

In second place, we have the reduction of the operational costs, with fuel economy and lower expenses with the fleet maintenance, like tires change, contributing to the world trend of implanting a sustainable logistics, with less use of natural resources and pollutants emissions.

And finally, adopting better practices, with a logistics turned to the customer, increases the loyalty, offering fair price, delivery deadline, cargo integrity. Such loyalty allows getting competitive advantages and generating value to the entire chain.

The Importance of Integrated Process Management

In logistics 4.0 scenario, administrative and operational procedures must work in an integrated way, contributing for following up the results and offering reports in customized dashboards that deliver intelligence to the decision making.

The unique set of solutions for the Asset Management and Logistics– OKTO – developed by Atech, offers this intelligence in the integrated process management, optimizing:

  • The planning and execution of the operation
  • The services management
  • The events management
  • The management of process’ documents and costs
  • The schedule of the cargo transportation
CategoriesAsset Management

Reliability: Understand why this is the new trend in the maintenance and production areas

The need of reliability in the facilities is not new, but the increase of issues related to the environment and safety are generating new needs to the industry. In this scenario, each time more companies are going beyond the statistics to improve their practices and their maintenance strategies, and the investment in reliability has been highlighted.

In Brazil, the industrial community has specially shown a strong interest in improving their maintenance strategies. This is visible by the fast growth of Abramam, a maintenance leader organization in Brazil, focused in helping to educate their members. Currently, it is among the most valuable maintenance corporations, including SMRP, in North America, and MESA, in Australia.

However, towards the reliability advances, the Brazilian organizations face a series of mistakes with regard to this concept and everything related to it. See next how this trend has created new perspectives with regard to asset management:

Reliability is Not Only About Eliminating Shutdowns

The best way of defining the reliability concept is how the probability of an asset or system failure in a given time under certain operation conditions. However, in many organizations this is wrongfully used, especially when we approach the failure concept.

Many people believe that failures are shutdowns only, i.e., when the equipment stop working. Accordingly, the organizations work with a series of mathematic formulas to establish the probability of an asset shutdown, not considering a series of other inefficiencies also considered as failures, such as slowness and safety issues, for instance.

An asset management with high reliability level considers as failures any problem affecting the equipment inefficiency, generating resources losses such as time and money, and contributing for possible damages to the company’s reputation. This includes, for example, a failure in an equipment that makes it unsafe to the environment and to the company’s employees.

Besides, when investing in reliability, there is a significant change in the way of approaching the reasons for the shutdown, which may happen for many reasons. A failure is not always caused by, for example, lack of periodical maintenance, such as lubrication, for example. Human failures, such as errors in the assembly, for example, are also causes that the managers must take into account and solve.

In other words, when adopting reliability practices in the maintenance strategies, the organizations can foresee not only the most “predictable” failures, caused by the use, but also specify items that fail due to improper facilities or other accidental damages, for example. This widens much more the industry capacity of acting with more safe and efficiency.

Mathematical Statistics Are Not Enough

Before this scenario, we see that a calculation that take into account only the use of equipment is not enough for guaranteeing more robust, efficient and safe maintenance strategies,

One of the most common mistakes related to the predictive analysis for programming the maintenance is that it is enough having the time average between the failures and occurrences. It is important to remember that this number is an average based on the failure concept associated to shutdowns and not to other problems that also interfere with the production efficiency. Besides, there is a big difference between probability and reality – because a failure is probable, it does not mean it will really happen.

The Asset Conditions is More Important than its Time of Use

For this reason, successful companies are engaged to incorporate maintenance strategies involving smart and modern monitoring systems, able to integrate data from different sources for assertively determining failures, not depending on estimations based on the time of use, and counting on real data of the asset condition.

These organizations have gone beyond the statistics, revising internal practices and developing strategic plans to establish a corporative view related to the reliability and to the good asset management.

Among the most successful tools for this there is the adoption of the reliability as a global concept instead of a practice to reduce the costs or downtime and an extensive use of performance metrics, as the use of the Replacement Asset Value – RAV – to reduce the maintenance costs.

Atech offers, through OKTO platform, a series of solutions for Asset Management integrating technology and decades of strategic and operational knowledge. Capable of operating globally, OKTO turns asset management more efficient and reliable, reducing the processes cycles and making easier the monitoring of the asset condition minute by minute.

Among these solutions there is Atech’s Asset Condition Monitoring, allowing the decision making during the production and maintenance, and the elimination of unnecessary preventive maintenances, reducing costs and speeding up the identification of problems that can affect the safety and efficiency. Know here OKTO’ solutions for the Asset Management area.

CategoriesSmart Connections

Measurement management: know how smart meters will help the utilities sector

To be able to optimize its operations, the power sector has to know exactly how much power each costumer is consuming, and the traditional measures, are surely not able to meet this need.

Understanding how the demand changes minute by minute is important so that companies from the power sector are able to efficiently manage their resources. However, many challenges have to be overcame, starting by the limitations of traditional meters, which do not make available power use information, but by someone doing the manual reading of the information and including it in the data base.

Currently, the power sector needs to measure in real time the power consumption to manage and optimize its generation sources, as well as the distribution strategies. See next how smart meters will help the utilities sector to improve their operations:

Internet of Things and Data Analysis

The power distribution companies have account even more communication technologies options. In this case, companies that invested in digital transformation and were able to restructure good part of their infrastructure to get more flexibility are the ones which are in better position to get more efficiency, reliability and performance from the connected devices.

Through the Internet of Things, smart meters can be more efficient and rely more accurate diagnoses of the networks. For this reason, this technology is even more used to monitor, coordinate and synchronize meters data with other systems to understand the consumption status minute by minute.

New Measurement Models

With more accurate data, instead of the traditional meters, smart meters help to understand the demand minute by minute of the network to manage the distribution in a more efficient way.

The real time measurement reduces the time necessary to the staff restore the power after failures, quickly determining which parts of the network can be restored.

In this context, the meters also allow the concessionaires to develop new measurement and charging models, identifying the peak times and the consumption behaviors of each region to determine different prices to the power consumed at different hours.

Next move ahead allowed by smart meters is the capacity of detecting frauds in a larger context than traditional meters, which there are no resources for frauds detection. In the United States, for example, even small frauds in the power consumption have significant impact to companies, which report that around 1% of their inventory disappears due to frauds – it doesn’t seem much, but the estimated losses may reach US$ 25 million a day.

Through the accuracy of small converters and transducers, smart meters are completely immune to a series of frauds, including magnetic adulteration.

Besides, with smart meters, the staffs can improve the resolution rate in the first visit, reducing costs with frauds inspection vehicles’ travels. The fact that smart meters allow the remote access to all the information available also contributes to reduce the travels costs.

In general, the smart meters’ connectivity includes thousands of wireless remote terminal units, multiple access points and a connection to transmit data to different hubs. Thus, all the information goes to a center dismissing technicians have to go to remote areas to perform the measurements of the power consumers.

MESH Networks

Smart meters massive adoption may demand a high investment, which makes their implementation slower due to the need of gateways, routers and repeaters, adding a considerable cost to the installation projects, including the network project and setting. It is not always possible to deploy each meter with its own connection and, in areas where there is a lack of telecommunication coverage, this can be an issue.

A good alternative to overcome these obstacles is the use of a MESH Network. In this case, each smart meter communicates with the closest one, passing data from device to device and then finally reaching a gateway. Thus, each meter has multiple routing options and it is provided with intelligence, continuously optimizing the network topology to fit to the changes or failures in its structure – if the radio frequency conditions are not good in certain area, soon, the meters are reset to send the data through other route.

Therefore, it is possible reduce considerably the quantity of gateways and repeaters, reducing the infrastructure costs. MESH Networks also require minimum settings, since new meters are automatically recognized and set in the network.

Atech offers a series of connectivity solutions for power, water and gas distribution sectors to face the new measurement challenges, promoting more accessibility, reliability and safety. Know Atech’s MESH Network solution and the Measurement Automation System.

CategoriesLogistics

Logistics 4.0: Understand how technology is improving tracing and visibility

The 4.0 logistics, besides being connected processes and equipment, means that each time higher number of data will allow the functions to be automatized through modern and smart algorithms, capable of “learning” and improving a series of logistics routine tasks.

The implementation of identification and tracking devices, for example, will lead to a better performance in warehouse management and to the reduction of the logistics costs. According to the PwC data disclosed in the last year, the investment in industry 4.0, specifically in the transport and logistics area must grow 5% a year up to 2020, reaching a total of US$ 97 billion late in this period.

With each time higher costs with transportation, it is each time more important that logistics leaders are able to visualize logistics processes in an integrated way and with a high level of traceability – not only for the supply chain, but for the entire process, from the production of an item up to the use of new technologies.

The Complexity Issue

According to the World Bank, in the Logistics Performance Index (LPI), from 13% to 35% of the cargo does not reach the expected quality requirements. This rate ranges according to the country’s positioning in the ranking.

Such data shows that the lack of visibility may generate a series of losses due to the lack of control over the logistics processes. The organizations need data to make the best decision and, for such, they need connected and fast monitoring and tracing systems for almost immediate transactions and clearer processes.

How Logistics 4.0 is Increasing the Visibility

In logistics 4.0, the entire chain is connected: suppliers, customers, customers’ suppliers and so on – all of it to fulfill the need of higher visibility and control of the entire products flow.

One of the technologies that allowed synchronizing even further the logistics processes with systems connected to the business processes was the Internet of Things, which is giving to companies a wider visibility of the supply chain to make better decisions, by increasing the traceability.

In this case, to increase traceability and visibility way beyond the use of GPS applications in fleet operators, logistics 4.0 includes the integration of the data from these devices to internal systems from partners and suppliers to get cargo tracing and global visibility, as well as processes simplification and automation.

The key for such is not only in GPS based clouds, but in the radio frequency technology, providing identity, location and tracing. The data collected by these technologies allow to automatize shipping and delivery processes and monitor important cargo and equipment details, such as temperature control, vibrations standard, among other data.

A pallet, for example, can receive a connected device to collect a series of data that, when associated to other systems’ information can show, for instance, the equipment position with coordinates, as well as adverse weather conditions, traffic data and average speed.

The Internet of Things shall move a total of US $ 8 trillion globally in the next decade – the investments in the supply and logistics chain will respond to US$ 1.9 trillion according to a trends report elaborated by the courier company DHL.

Besides the Internet of Things, technologies such as big data and predictive analysis have been provided to the logistics area more capacity of analyzing the data which are each time stronger, while the number of devices increases.

Thus, the companies will be able to create smarter loading and unloading processes – in scheduled or non-scheduled operations. This will allow optimizing the cargo equipment availability, improving the trucks programming and maximizing its use with the development of smarter routes based on the data sent by the connected devices.

In this scenario, logistics 4.0 helps to minimize processing errors, increase the planning level of loading and unloading processes and automatize a series of flow and documents generation tasks.

Atech counts on a set of Logistics solutions compounded by management tools for the execution and governance of global logistics processes. The objective is automatizing, governing and speeding up, globally and in real time, the corporative logistics. Know our solutions for the logistics area, including Docks and Yard Management, Transportation Management and Track and Trace.

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